In every historical period there have been defectors from one or more of these views, and there are, of course, differences of emphasis. Aristotle, following Plato, thought that music has power to mold human character, but he would admit all the modes, recognizing happiness and pleasure as values to both the individual and the state. Aristotle made a distinction between those who have only theoretical knowledge and those who produce music, maintaining that persons who do not perform cannot be good judges of the performances of others. Use the buttons below to adjust the image as needed, and let us know when it’s ready, or upload a different image. We are committed to providing women the breadth of education and the skills they need to be successful leaders in whatever professional field they select.
- In strict western practice, art music is considered primarily a written musical tradition, preserved in some